я слышал как она открывает дверь

Complex Object. Тема «Сложное дополнение» для школьников.

с инфинитивом с причастием
I saw him enter. I saw him entering.
I heard her speak I heard her speaking.
I noticed him frown. I noticed him frowning.
I felt him tremble. I felt him trembling.

Упражнение 433. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя сложное дополнение с причастием.

• E.g. Не was reading in the garden. She saw him.

She saw him reading in the garden.

1. We noticed a man. The man was cleaning his shoes. 2. He saw two girls. They were dancing on the stage. 3. She watched the children. They were running and playing in the garden. 4. I saw her. She was arranging her hair. 5. We saw our neighbour. He was listening to the latest news on the radio. 6. The cat was rubbing itself on my leg. I felt it. 7. They were fishing. We saw it. 8. The pupils were writing a paper. The teacher watched them. 9. A caterpillar was crawling on my arm. I felt it. 10. We heard I. Arkhipova last night. She was singing a Russian folk song. 11. I watched the sun. It was rising. 12. I heard him. He was singing an English song. 13. John heard his sister. She was talking loudly on the veranda. 14. We saw Ben. He was crossing the square. 15. They heard their father. He was playing the piano in the drawing room. 16. I can see the train. It is coming. 17. I watched the rain. It was beating down the flowers in the garden. 18. I saw a group of boys. They were eating ice cream. 19. We noticed a group of people. They were digging potatoes in the field. 20. Didn’t you see her? She was smiling at you. 21. The girl was singing. I heard her. 22. They were talking about computers. He heard them. 23. You and your friend were walking along the street yesterday. I saw you. 24. The little girls were playing on the grass. We watched them. 25. The ship was leaving the port. He stood and looked at it. 26. She was sleeping peacefully in her bed. Mother watched her.

Упражнение 434. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя сложное дополнение с инфинитивом.

• E.g. Не dropped his bag. I saw it.

I saw him drop his bag.

1. The boy noticed a bird. It flew on to the bush near the window. 2. Jane saw her neighbour. He opened the door of his flat and went in. 3. I saw him. He pointed to a picture on the wall. 4. I heard him. He shut the door of the study. 5. We saw that the children climbed to the tops of the trees. 6. I noticed that Henry went up and spoke to the stranger. 7. He slipped and fell. I saw it. 8. I heard that she suddenly cried out loudly. 9. She bent and picked up something from the floor. The policeman saw it. 10. I saw that he opened the door and left the room. 11. She dropped the cup on the floor and broke it. I saw it. 12. They turned the corner and disappeared. We watched them. 13. The doctor touched the boy’s leg. The boy felt it. 14. Pete bought some flowers. His friends saw it. 15. The wounded hunter felt that the bear touched him, but he did not move. 16. Shall we hear it if the telephone rings? 17. Tamara saw that the waves carried the boat away. 18. The ship sailed away from the shore. They saw it. 19. Have you heard how he sings the part of Herman in Tchaikovsky’s «Queen of Spades»?

Упражнение 435. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на оттенки значений сложного дополнения в зависимости от того, выражена ли его вторая часть причастием или инфинитивом.

Упражнение 436. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя сложное дополнение с причастием или инфинитивом, в зависимости от смысла.

Упражнение 437. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя сложное дополнение с причастием или инфинитивом, в зависимости от смысла.

I want the work to be done = I want the work done

Упражнение 438. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на сложное дополнение.

Упражнение 439. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя сложное дополнение.

То have something done

Упражнение 440. Произнесите вслух все возможные предложения, используя приведенные ниже подстановочные таблицы. (Упражнение на выработку автоматизма речи)

• E.g. I must have my hair cut.
I must have my watch repaired.

I must have my photo taken.

I must have a new dress made.

I want to have my hair cut.

I want to have my watch repaired, etc.

I must
I want to
I am going to
have my hair cut.
my watch repaired.
my photo taken.
a new dress made.
Have you had your hair cut?
your watch repaired?
your photo taken?
a new dress made?


did you have
your hair cut?
your watch repaired?
your photo taken?
a new dress made?
Where do you usually have your hair cut?
your watch repaired?
your photo taken?
your dresses made?

Упражнение 441. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на сложное дополнение.


Complex Object – сложное дополнение

Инфинитив образует сложное дополнение с местоимением в объектном падеже (me, you, him, her, us, them, it) или с существительным в общем падеже (John, my sister, our teacher etc.). На русский язык такая конструкция переводится придаточным предложением с союзами «что, чтобы».



Complex object упражнения с ответами

Откройте скобки, используя конструкцию Complex Object.

to lend
open/opening, go out/going out
to lock

Замените дополнение, выраженное существительным, на местоимение в объектном падеже.

We expected Tom to be late.
I wouldn’t recommend my friends to stay in that hotel.
I saw Mary take the pen out of the pocket.
I asked my friend to help me.
Jane’s parents wouldn’t let their daughter go out alone.


Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя конструкцию Complex Object.

Я хочу, чтобы ты знал об этом.
Я сказал Алану идти домой.
Они пригласили его погостить у них несколько дней.
Она не хотела, чтобы я ушел.
Я слышал, как она играет на пианино.

Правильные ответы:

I want you to know about it.
I told Alan to go home.
They invited him to come and stay with them for a few days.
She didn’t want me to go.
I heard her playing the piano.

Постройте предложения без конструкции Complex Object, сохранив их первоначальный смысл.

I want you to remember this rule.
Glasses make him look older.
Do you expect her to phone?
They think him to be a good driver.
She allowed us to borrow her books.

Правильные ответы:

You should remember this rule.
He looks older in glasses.
Do you think she will phone?
They think that he is a good driver.
She said that we could borrow her books.


Упражнение 11

Complete the following sentences using the infinitive with or without to.

The teacher asked us ________ (listen) to his explanations.
He made the students _____________ (write) the composition.
The teacher let us ____________ (use) the dictionaries.
The teacher noticed me ____________ (open) my dictionary several times.
I made myself ____________ ( write) as neatly as I could.
The teacher watched us _____________ (work) and didn’t say anything.

Правильные ответы:

1. to listen, 2 write, 3 use, 4 open, 5 write, 6 work / working.


Fears for Lone Missing Climber

Fears are growing here for a lone climber missing for the past 48 hours. Jamie Biddals, 32, from New Zealand, is known to have left Kathmandu alone six days ago but has not been seen since. He is thought to have only a small amount of food and he is believed to be wearing only lightweight climbing clothes. As for equipment, he is known to be carrying a small rucksack and a lightweight tent. He is said to have been heading for an old base camp. The weather has deteriorated during the last 48 hours, and he is thought to have been trying to get to the camp when a severe blizzard started. Jamie is considered to be one of the best climbers in the world but there are still fears for his safety in these conditions.

Правильные ответы:

1. Is Jamie Biddals said to have left Kathmandu alone or with a group of other climbers?
2. How much food supplies is he thought to have taken with him?
3. What kind of clothes is he reported to be wearing?
4. Did he happen to take any tent to sleep in?
5. Where is he expected to have been heading for?
6. Why do people appear to be worried about Jamie?

Work in groups. Suggest any ideas about Jamie’s escape

Exchange your ideas in the class.

Use the following patterns:

Jamie is sure to do smth.
certain to be doing smth.
(not) likely to be done.
bound to have done smth.
to have been doing smth.
to have been done.

Правильные ответы:

Говорят, что он знает 6 языков.
Говорили, что он знает 6 языков.
Говорят, что он уехал в Лондон.
Говорили, что он уехал в Лондон.


Я слышал как она открывает дверь

Переведите на английский язык:
1. Я никогда не слышал, как он говорит по-французски.
2. Он не слышал, как я постучал в дверь.
3. Я слышал, что он сдал все свои экзамены.
4. Я слышала, что он уже вернулся в Москву.
5. Я слышал, как она его спросила об этом.
6. Я никогда не видел, как он плавает, но я слышал, что он плавает очень хорошо.
7. Я видел, что она не понимает этого правила, и решил объяснить его ей еще раз.
8. Она видела, что он вошел в дом, и спустилась вниз, чтобы встретить его.
9. Я увидела, что он взволнован, и спросила его, в чем дело.
10. Я увидел, что текст очень трудный и что мне придется пользоваться словарем.

1. I have never heard him speak French.
2. He didn’t hear me knock at the door.
3. I have heard that he has taken (or: took) all his examinations (or: I heard that he had taken all his examinations).
4. I have heard that he has already come back to Moscow (or: I heard that he had already come back to Moscow).
5. I heard her ask him about it.
6. I have never seen him swim, but I have heard that he swims very well.
7. I saw that she didn’t understand this rule and decided to explain it to her once more.
8. She saw him come into the house and went downstairs to meet him.
9. I saw that he was excited and asked him what was the matter.
10. I saw that the text was very difficult and that I should have to use a dictionary.


Я слышал как она открывает дверь

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя обороты «объектный падеж
с причастием настоящего времени» или «объектный падеж с инфинитивом»,
в зависимости от смысла:
1. Я видел, как они подходили к дому. 2. Я видел, как они подошли к дому. 3. Мы видели,
как вы переходили улицу. 4. Мы видели, как вы перешли улицу. 5. Она видела, как я
открывал окно. 6. Она видела, как я открыл окно. 7. Я слышал, как она рассказывала ему об
этом. 8. Я слышал, как она сказала ему об этом. 9. Я видел, как он выходил из комнаты.
10. Я видел, как она погасила свет и вышла из комнаты. 11. Я наблюдал, как они спускались
с горы. 12. Я слышал, как капитан приказал матросам начать разгрузку парохода. 13. Я
видел, как пароход медленно плыл по реке. 14. Я видел, как машина остановилась у дверей
дома. 15. Я слышал, как он кричал что-то с противоположного берега. 16. Капитан наблюдал,
как матросы разгружали пароход. 17. Капитан наблюдал, как разгружали пароход.
18. Я видел, как рабочие упаковывали товары. 19. Я видел, как товары упаковывали.
20. Мы наблюдали, как они ремонтировали машину. 21. Мы наблюдали, как ремонтировали

1. I saw them approaching the house. 2. I saw them approach the house. 3. We
saw you crossing the street. 4. We saw you cross the street. 5. She saw me opening
the window. 6. She saw me open the window. 7. I heard her telling him about it 8. I
heard her tell him about it. 9. I saw him leaving the room. 10. I saw her switch off
the light and leave the room. 11. I watched them going down (or: go down) the
mountain. 12. I heard the captain order the sailors to begin unloading the steamer.
13. I saw the steamer sailing (or: sail) slowly down the river. 14. I saw the car stop
at the door of the house. 15. I heard him shouting (or: shout) something from the
opposite shore. 16. The captain watched the sailors unloading the steamer. 17. The
captain watched the steamer being unloaded. 18. I saw the workers packing the
goods. 19. I saw the goods being packed. 20. We watched them repairing the car.
21. We watched the car being repaired.


Я слышал как она открывает дверь

Переведите на английский язык:
1. Я слышал, как профессор упомянул об этих фактах в своей лекции.
2. Я не почувствовал, как она положила руку на мое плечо.
3. Я видел, как солнце зашло и темные тучи покрыли небо.
4. Слышали ли вы, как секретарь сказал, что директор вернется в пять часов?
5. Я видел, как он подошел к ним и сказал им что-то.
6. Я видел, как он зажег папиросу, взял газету и сел на диван.
7. Видя, что она перешла улицу и вошла в дом, я встал и пошел вниз, чтобы встретить ее.
8. Я видел, что он очень разочарован.
9. Видя, что он сердится на меня, я решил поговорить с ним.
10. Я слышал, как дверь открылась и увидел, что кто-то вошел в комнату.
11. Я видел, как ящики упаковали, положили на грузовик и увезли на склад.
12. Я слышал, как его имя упоминалось несколько раз на последнем собрании.
13. Мы видели, как машины погрузили на пароход.

1. I heard the professor mention these facts in his lecture.
2. I didn’t feel her put her hand on my shoulder.
3. I saw the sun set and dark clouds cover the sky.
4. Did you hear the secretary say that the manager (or: the director) would return at five o’clock?
5. I saw him go up to them and say something to them.
6. I saw him light a cigarette, take a (or: the) newspaper and sit down on the sofa.
7. Seeing her cross the street and come into the house, I got up and went downstairs to meet her.
8. I saw that he was very much disappointed.
9. Seeing that he was angry with me, I decided to speak to him.
10. I heard the door open and saw somebody come into the room.
11. I saw the cases packed, put on a lorry and taken to the (or: a) warehouse.
12. I heard his name mentioned several times at the last meeting.
13. We saw the machines loaded on the (or: a) ship.